THE WAR IN REVIEW

THE WAR IN REVIEW THE STAGE is set, the principal characters designated, and final preparations are being pushed for a "gigantic attack on Germany," President Roosevelt revealed this week in his...

...In the Pacific, big news was made when U. S. Marines established another invasion front on the Japanese-held island of New Britain...
...But, he added, "we intend to rid them once and for all of Nazism and Prussian militarism and the fantastic and disastrous notion that they constitute the 'master race.'" Program For Veterans "We here in the United States," the President declared, "had better be sure that when our soldiers and sailors do come home they will find an America in which they are given full opportunities for education, rehabilitation, social security, employment, and business enterprise under the free American systemóand that they will find a government which, by their votes as American citizens, they have had a full share in electing...
...The peacemakers, he warned, must not ask any nation to renounce rights to vital necessities which they would consider impossible demands for their own peoples...
...Sir Harold Alexander, commander of Allied ground forces in Italy, would be made commander in chief of all Allied armies there, and that Gen...
...THE WAR IN REVIEW THE STAGE is set, the principal characters designated, and final preparations are being pushed for a "gigantic attack on Germany," President Roosevelt revealed this week in his first address since he returned from the historic series of conferences in the Near East...
...U. S. Troops Advance in New Britain Meanwhile, the picture on the European battle-fronts had changed but little...
...On the seas, the British Navy scored a spectacular victory in sinking the Scharnhorst, one of Germany's few battleships, off the northern tip of Norway...
...Admitting that "international relationships" were discussed only from "the point of view of big, broad objectives rather than details," he declared, nevertheless, "I do not think any insoluble differences will arise among Russia, Great Britain, and the United States...
...Subsequently, it was announced that Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder, Allied Air Forces commander in the Mediterranean, had been appointed deputy supreme commander under Eisenhower...
...Eisenhower himself flatly predicted, "We will win the European war in 1944...
...In Italy, slight progress was reported and new offensives were in preparation...
...Carl A. Spaatz, commander of American air forces in the Mediterranean, would command American air forces operating against Germany in the assault...
...Germany, he said, "must be stripped of her military might...
...The policy of peace by force of arms, he said, would avoid the mistakes of the "weak" experiments of the pastódisarmament and "voluntary peace...
...Observers were quick to see the connection between this statement and one issued by Sen...
...The President also announced that Lt...
...Sir Bernard Montgomery, colorful commander of the British Eighth Army, would command British group armies under Eisenhower...
...Soon after he had made known these appointments the British announced that Gen...
...The attack, which he said will come from "points of the compass" other than the South and East, will be directed by a 52 year-old American from Abilene, Kan., Gen...
...In the air, Allied planes rocked the "secret weapon" zone of the French coast...
...Unity Of The Allies At both conferences, the President said, the conferees were "absolutely agreed on the major objectives and oh the military means of obtaining them...
...Treatment Of Defeated Nations For Japan President Roosevelt reiterated the terms of the Cairo Declaration, the destruction of her empire...
...The Russians appeared definitely to have stopped the German counteroffen-sive west of Kiev and had retaken the initiative, while their attacking forces in the north continued to make new gains...
...Advocating equitable treatment of all nations, he called for sanctions and the "employment of force" to maintain peace, but he warned that a true peace "can never be a harsh imposition supported by arms" alone...
...Other highlights in the address reporting on the recent conferences which he promised to enlarge upon in a speech to Congress in January were these: Nature Of The Peace Asserting that "I think I can say that the other three great nations" are in complete agreement, he pledged himself to a program of insuring "peace by force...
...It was noted that these statements came in the same week than another prominent Administration spokesman, who refused to allow his name to be used, warned that in the next 90 days America could expect casualties ranging up to 500,000...
...Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, British commander in the Middle East, would assume Eisenhower's duties in the Mediterranean, that Gen...
...Gen...
...The end of the war, the Pope admitted, is not yet in sight, but, he stated, mankind yearns for peace...
...Contradictory Predictions In his speech broadcast to American troops around the world, the President warned that a strong, skilled, and resourceful enemy must be beaten and that bloody and costly battles lie ahead...
...Dwight D. Eisenhower, who as supreme commander of all Allied forces in the Western Mediterranean has already won a high place in American history...
...Swarming ashore near Cape Gloucester, after the area had been torn by the heaviest concentration of air borne bombs yet seen in the Southwest Pacific, the Marines, without the loss of a single man, established the first American footholds on the north coast of New Britain...
...Curiously enough it was apparent that the President's views were not shared by some of his top-flight advisers...
...Marshall, speaking to troops in the South Pacific, declared that "we have got the Japs beaten, but we have to keep pushing...
...These plans, he announced, were completed at Teheran...
...Johnson said that he had been informed that the United States would furnish 73 per cent and Great Britain 27 per cent of the manpower needed for the European attack...
...Her people should have a "normal chance to develop, in peace, as useful and respectable members of the European family...
...Edwin C. Johnson, Colorado Democrat and one of the best informed members of the Senate Military Affairs Committee...
...Highlights Of F.D.R's Speech Touching on America's military manpower situation in his address, the President stated that of 10,-000,000 men in military service, 3,800,000 are now overseas and by next July there will be 5,000,000...
...Meanwhile, the holiday fortnight brought an appeal for a just peace from the spiritual ruler of world Catholicism, Pope Pius XII...
...Scorning the optimistic talk of an early end of the war, he declared that the "end is not yet in sight...

Vol. 8 • January 1944 • No. 1


 
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