The Novel and the Cinema:

Turnell, Martin

bum ham-'n'-egger, part-time strong-arm for the Mafia, but he southpaw to a right-hander, then to confuse the champ, he's to was good-natured about it. The whole idea of a heavyweight ...

...We are told that "though HIS BOOK chronicles the author's in America...
...He wants, in other words, back to work part-time at the pet store...
...Most are content with a is raffish and irregular because the past three decades...
...its several pages long without Where Hoffman's was an objective, Partisan Review, which prints very little being certain that anybody but analytic history, its successor, in the poetry and fiction, 26,000...
...Rocky should get his shot at the title, so we were all pulling for Even Mick is there keeping the vigil, despite the fact that them both...
...given to such subtleties...
...Epoch is taken by 600 libraries promiscuous enrollment in crea- they go slogging through issue after past compared to 150 individual subscribers...
...Martin Tu rneH toned it down, probably because he dared Nevertheless, I myself regard Bresson's GEOFFREY WAGNER, professor of Eng- not reproduce the cruelty and immorality film not only splendid in itself, but, lish and the Humanities at the City of the characters which led to Flaubert's largely as a result of the so-called "violaCollege of New York, is also a distin- prosecution...
...As the fight draws near, instead of legend of Sylvester Stallone...
...One curious exception is a slashsities pay fo~ the academic quarterlies, the health of our literary culture, ing, well documented attack on the Ficbut they are now hard-pressed for funds for all their value in sustaining tion Collective for printing poor stuff...
...Books:FINDING WRITERS, LOSING MONEY T ms IS a whale of a book, four years in THE LITTLE MAGAZINE IN AMEBIC&: Burroughs, Corman, Creeley, Duncan, the making, with forty contributors, A MODERN DOCUMENTARY HISTORY Eshleman, Ginsberg, Kerouac, O'Hara, 750 closely printed pages, a fully anno- Edited by Elliott Anderson Olson, Zukofsky, and after them a tated bibliography of eighty magazines, a & Mary Kinzie myriad, a whole forest of singing birds hundred handsome pictures of covers and Pushcart Press, $25, 770 pp...
...But with absence of standards already brought groupings have followed the New York the "mimeo revolution" and low-cost against college writing courses...
...The fight that Stallone wants for his At least poor Adrian (Talia Shire), his old girlfriend whom ending is an indiscriminate slugfest, something brutal, gory, he now marries, and impregnates, wouldn't have had to go mindless and beyond all belief...
...Why is it that the all, Rocky isn't an underdog anymore...
...Jacques Rivette is not men- changed when its author has completely did on the screen," he is not primarily tioned by the professor at all, but his Noli expressed his experience...
...All the experiments have been tried...
...They are not the only us that a novel cannot be filmed unthat film emerged in literature before it examples...
...He goes on to observe that in Four Nights of a Dreamer Bresson Analogy & violation "took Dostoyevski's White Night and transposed it from nineteenth-century St...
...receives 60,000 submissions in a year...
...The Novel and the is certain is that Renoir's film was largely sure boat gliding under a Seine bridge Cinema is his first work on film, but we spoiled by the length of the novel, since and gradually disappearing into the darkshall find that his other writings, which Renoir was forced, against his will, to cut ness of night-thus pointing to the final include fifteen novels, naturally play an down his original version by half...
...almost two, after a particularly difficult tion," is a discussion of the success or TMarjorie Roiley Maguire infancy, his mother was bluntly informed failure to make proper use-of the experi- that he had Hohler's syndrome (Hurler's ence of a novel...
...is no doubt that the length of the novel rival's return to Paris...
...Pound, fathers, are hailed most often, then Bly, Quarterly...
...This writers proudly listed by editors in the work itself first appeared as an issue of engaging personal reminiscences which Cummings and Williams, the god- the nominally little magazine Trimake the bulk of the book...
...So now I have to suffer through Rockyll, or The Come-Back Obviously the coma has now "relaxed" her brain too...
...That Stallone should have gotten being in training Rocky finds himself in the hospital praying to make his movie was only slightly less improbable than that for Adrian, who's in a coma after giving birth to their child...
...They are published for ous writer is to undermine every others described here could print in issue the satisfaction first of their editors, next notion of what makes a piece of after issue...
...Although he looks back to Eisenstein...
...After a good deal of politick- works...
...But no...
...editors has read his or her work...
...I never saw anybody hit the skids so insisting for a moment that Rocky switch back...
...What writer by another is over...
...A handful of the stab- ground for the exceedingly rich, sensilest little magazines print from five to ten The world of literary magazines tive literature produced in this country in thousand copies...
...for magazines should be divided equally paper, this subculture is the loaming Except for a few magazines like Sal14 September 1979: 503 magundi and Partisan Review, ideas get not a book to read through...
...As a result of his celebrity from big fight he has planned for Rocky in the movie's final scene...
...It seems that it was standing between him and the credibility-things like that...
...The whole idea of a heavyweight switch back again in the middle of the fight...
...As they see depends on chance, proximity recalls...
...Suspicious of traditions and institutions, ing, the CCLM (Coordinating Council of For all its wasteful fragmentation and they turn in upon themselves, on their Little Magazines) forced through a all the salf-indulgent "ka-ka," as one own immediate experience, and such "populist" agreement that NEA money editor calls it, which gets spread on wisdom as they can squeeze from it...
...For my Little Magazine in America reflects the raphies in a row make a formidable purpose," we are told, "here analogy world it describes...
...Miss X, a native of Ohio, has appeared give participants a permanent need to see...
...little...
...The day of ringing manifestributors and lit them prepare their own see-let alone read-perhaps one per- tos and the attempted demolition of one, copy, which is run off, stapled to other cent of existing little magazines...
...survivor of the poetic renaissance of requirements...
...nothing else will do in a setting in a high level of work magazines like Little magazines promote literature which the best hope of every seri- Wake, Kulchur, Kayak and a dozen and lose money...
...Determination counts most...
...film of Madame Bovary, a film de- Bresson's film is used to argue that "an scribed as 'so tame' because the director analogy can still be a violation...
...the title fight in the original movie, Rocky begins the new film You might think that Mick's strategy and the endless trainwith a $300,000 contract to do TV commercials...
...causes gradual degeneration of the brain legitimately considered here since it rep- Mary Craig, now an English Catholic and central nervous system, resulting in Commonweal: 504...
...a relaxed brain...
...There eclipse of the hero's love affair by his important part in this study...
...His alternative producing a successful film of Madame and the like...
...What magnificent shots of the great white pleatravel and sociology...
...starving the tion...
...They are boring only when crucial...
...Colleges and univer- can in part be seen as an index of stories...
...and Black Mountain schools and the offset printing, resources need not be No one has solved the problem of dis- Beats...
...pockets of their editors-a few rich, most larger ones, and renewing the charge of the whole army is avant-garde...
...Little" refers to number of Commonweal: 502 readers, not size...
...Even strategy is also forgotten about as soon as the first bell sounds...
...Taken sepa- started planning the second of these scant systematic attention...
...This means concerned with strict technical elements me tangere ran for nearly thirteen hours that there is a double impossibility of like montage, cross-cutting, flashbacks and was only shown once...
...Where terms like "deep image" large...
...his stance, and between rounds later Mick revives the issue by Me, I'm moaning too...
...To get around the problem of the eye, disregard for character and plot were in the original, too, Mick devises an elaborate new strategy for Rocky's rematch although we might never have noticed had Stallone not shown with the champ...
...Mary Craig son, Paul, was born...
...Bresson's thirty-five works include novels, poetry, ary have been failures...
...councils...
...bum ham-'n'-egger, part-time strong-arm for the Mafia, but he southpaw to a right-hander, then to confuse the champ, he's to was good-natured about it...
...Delmore Schwartz ("Kenner was out to try hopelessly to keep track, but which They are part of a subculture including get him") and Edward Dahlberg ("a contributors can cite in self-promotion: undergraduate literary magazines-(which kind of nut") about Aiken's Ushant...
...Albicocco's popular film of Alain-Fournier'sLe Grand Meaulnes, which I found highly engaging (as I did Suffering & redemption the novel) made the novel "into a visu- f ally beautiful, yet totally empty, film in DLEUIHU= writer and television journalist, lived a France in 1967-a model instance that normal life until 1956 when her second color cannot carry meaning itself...
...In that spirit, Stallone has made virtually to Rocky's fighting and a damaged eye which makes it danger- everything in the new film the same as it was before...
...The ous for him to fight...
...Like his alter-ego Rocky, Stallone seemed to have Adrian had remained adamant against fighting...
...THE NOVEL AND THE CINEMA resents the most faithful rendition of a Petersburg to contemporary Paris," with Geoffrey Wagner novelist's conception put before us...
...the friendships he lost when he a result, at any moment there are over a and personal friendships...
...also added to the failure of both Minnelli Wagner quotes one professor who tells when he observes, "It could be proposed and Lamprecht...
...It doesn't pay as well as TV, anything so nearly resembling a story line creep into his but it would have kept him in grocery money long enough to be movie, and besides Rocky's character isn't the sort that's forgotten and really need a come-back...
...population, very loosely...
...Didn't anybody think to says so-and Rocky sloughs off Mick's brief insistence he tell Rocky he could try being in print ads, where the customers continue with their fight plan...
...The other two are change of time and place also led to the literary criticism as well as studies of by Renoir and Gerard Lamprecht...
...The Little Magazine in America takes readers, except that the readers are - Michael Anania over from Frederick J. Hoffman's The mostly potential contributors...
...With this impossible, ham-handed tunes without wasting a. lot of time on the fine points of 'reversal on Adrian's part, Stallone simply knocks aside her moviemaking, like character development, narrative pace, character...
...In addition, of experience derived from novels...
...She mumbles it with embarrassment when the time comes, But concocting one for Rocky himself is more difficult...
...is preferred to the formal article...
...Since the Spoon...
...genuity in it, I found it virtually impossi- it disposes of the professor's unfavorable Although the professor's study is ble to follow the highly complicated criticism of Bresson's film precisely behighly stimulating, its stimulation is events derived from several sources, in- cause its director had changed material largely the result of his own many differ- cluding Balzac's Histoire des treize "for the sake of making another work of ent judgments, such as his provocative which he did not study until he had art. view that J.G...
...The interview rately, these reminiscences are often fun films...
...The line of Underdog, as it might have been called...
...he moans...
...Library subscriptions are often syndrome encouraged by large and avant-garde...
...His main interest, rather, is version called Spectre ran for over four Bovary: length and the novelist's perthe way in which film directors make use hours...
...Gene Lyons issue for ten years or so, dropping fifty Karl Shapiro recounts in dramatic detail The Little Magazine in America names to the page...
...editors, and an index of over a thousand It is not strange to devote such a huge names which still does not include all the Robert Gorham Davis book to something called...
...He reverses Rocky's for- roles in movies like these...
...and always worried that donors or legis- writers' hopes and accomodaring The editors, who naturally put their best lators will explode over some item that their energies, too often they con- feet Torward, tell their stories with color strikes their as obscene or demented: tribute to the every-man-an- and sympathy, mostly in a relaxed jour"Are we spending good money on artist-but-no-man-needs- to- read nalistic prose, unpretentious and unthis...
...The ring-side announcer does notice that Rocky has reversed "Whay'z ya dignidy...
...the result that, though a change like this The opposite happens with Minnelli's can be legitimate with other directors, Associated University Presses, $15,3% pp...
...Although there was plenty of in- fectly expressed experience...
...Hence their ephemerality...
...But the minute she comes out of the coma, practically the Everybody loves an underdog...
...his old trainer Mick (Burgess Meredith) can't believe it...
...tion," as vastly superior to the Russian guished writer whose works are remark- This looks forward to the way in which film by Ivan Pyriew who stuck to the able for their range and variety...
...In Rocky II the plot exactly the same ending he had for the original Rocky...
...It is amazing what few hundred readers...
...Now there is little principled conin Unmurzled Ox, the and Runcible their names in print), creative writing troversy, political or literary...
...This is an incurable, rare, not based strictly on a novel, Alain- search for meaning in the face of al- genetic, neurological disorder, which Renais's Last Year at Marienbad can be most unbearable suffering...
...Even interested persons, a or "naked poetry" occur, they are used editors send ditto sheets to favored con- minuscule part of the U.S...
...spirit of this more personal era, lets the What keeps these highly unprofitable While a large number of outlets editors, attractive people, tell their own enterprises going...
...tive writing courses...
...But we were willing to overlook that...
...printed in Poetry what W.C...
...and bird-catchers...
...Some 600 magazines got For most writers-or at least these 1912...
...But then it ing sessions that have gone into perfecting it would be more turns out he can't read well enough to work from cue cards...
...first thing Adrian says to Rocky is, "I want you to win...
...His not one, but three films of Madame Bov- original period and place...
...courses (taught mostly by little magazine flurry of social concern in the late '60s, The scene changed somewhat when contributors and still flourishing while most young writers have lost interest in funds began to flow-or at least other humanities courses decline) and the future as something they can influtrickle-from the National Endowment poetry readings (which yield poets more ence, or in the past-even the literary for the Arts and from equivalent state money and audience than do their printed past-as something they can learn from...
...In the new movie one or two people who can act always get the most humiliating Stallone fixes this in nothing flat...
...When Paul was One interesting section, "Transposi- Morrow, $6.95, 128 pp...
...of their contributors, and last of their writing good and durable...
...the crises, editorial and financial, which The book will be invaluable for future have wracked Poetry, initiator and sole among all applicants meeting minimum historians, but what will they make of it...
...900 apiece, keeping alive some of the writers -the present period lacks definiMost little magazines live out of the littlest and least worthy...
...Some tribution...
...COUN L. WESTERBECK, JR...
...After thereby making the scene that much worse...
...It makes a valuable course, even for those of us who owe must represent a fairly considerable decollection to browse in and refer to, but little magazines a great deal...
...Williams thousand little magazines of one sort or Little magazines proliferated at the said about Sandburg, Hugh Kenner about another, of which librarians and indexers same time college enrollments leaped up...
...Karl Shapiro contributions aid distributed by hand...
...No new poor...
...To protect the eye, Rocky is to switch from a them to us a second time...
...Poetry An author can have a list of cred- Little Magazine, published in 1946...
...But the change fast, not even in those 75-minute second features about boxing to right-handed makes no difference in the fight-the champ that Warner Brothers used to make...
...In its and their resourceful, individualistic The most controversial section of the emphasis on personal experience, The writers good to know, but forty autobiog- third chapter is "analogy...
...The he goes back to emptying spitoons in the 3rd Street Gym...
...Stallone is reluctant to let would have to do all the reading...
...parture for the sake of making another work of art...
...Why complications, such as they are, center on Adrian's objections tamper with success...
...It's all very contender who won us over by his sweetness was attractive ingenious, but any hopes we have that it might lead somewhere somehow, and the legend of Rocky Balboa got a lift from the are highly over-optimistic...
...Considering the is so far out of character that Shire can't imagine how to deliver movies Stallone has made since Rocky, he needs a come-back...
...So pertinent to the final scene Stallone has planned...

Vol. 106 • September 1979 • No. 16


 
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