A HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL CRIMINALS

DOYLE, STEPHEN A.

A HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL CRIMINALS The Bloody Part Private Detectives Have Played in U. S. Labor Troubles By STEPHEN A. DOYLE * SHORT history of th* M/ori. ^7 °us practice* of private de-...

...NORMA D. SENN, Notary Puhlie...
...that many months prior to the outbreak of the strike your affiant notified the President of the Corn Products Refining Company, at New York City, of the conspiracy that was being hatched by said private detective agency, but that said President paid no attention to affiant's notification until one year thereafter...
...thst ss a result of the activities of the said Pinkerton Detective Agency the State of Pennsylvania abolished detective agencies by law.' Affiant further says that following the expulsion of the'said Pinkerton Agency from Pennsylvania, the said McParland returned to Chicago, where he became closely associated with one Charles A. Siringo, who was later known under the alias of Burt Allison while in the cspacity of President of the local union of the Western Federation of Miners, in Waadner, Idaho, snd also a number of the aliases...
...that this proposed action Was made public by the daily prest of Chicago...
...that said secret operatives used the mine owners to induce Governor Steuenberg of Idaho to bring United States troops into the troubled district, which the Governor steadfastly refused to do...
...The Herrin Massacres Affiant further states that in the year 1922 trouble broke out between the employers and employes of the mining district in Williamson County, Illinois, which ssid trouble hss become fsmiliarly known as the Herrin Massacre...
...that a large number tf operatives were brought into Chi...
...The) Coenr D'Alene Disorders Affiant further says that about the year 1892 industrial disorders commenced in the State of Idaho in tha district known as the Coeur D'Alene...
...Signed) STEPHEN A. DOYLE...
...Doyle, president of the Bureau of Industrial Service of Chicago, presented to the Illinois Legislature...
...that as a result of said McParland's activities thess strocities were committed, and on the evidence furnsihed by said McParland and his hirelings ten innocent men were hung snd a score or more others were sentenced to jail for fourteen years...
...that at the time the Thiel Detective Agency engineered and brought about a strike between the streetcar union men and the DUluth Traction Company over the protest of the American Federation of Labor...
...The petition was printed last week...
...that the business of said Bureau of Industrial Service is to expose the evils that have been perpetiated by private detective agencies during periods of industrial strife to the end that State and national legislation may be enacted to abolish by law the right of any person or persons to J engage in the business of a private detective agency...
...Communist Labor party la tha United States, which are owned by private detective agencies in New York fer the purpose of deceiving the public and diverting attention from the aotual facts hi the case...
...that there were general disturbances, including killing, during the period of the strike which were entirely due to the activities of the ssid Thiel Detective Agency...
...thtt on the night in question t number of friends of the strikers, she armed with rifles and revolvers, prepared to resist with bloodshed, if necessary, any attempt on the part of said priVate detective operatives to run the street cars, and that ssid operatives, seeing the...
...7 °us practice* of private de- tective agencies in industrial disputes is contained in a petition and affidavit which Mr...
...A Strike Started By Detectives Affiant further says that in the year 1890 he was employed as a Captain of Police in the City of Duluth...
...Affiant further says that in the year 1919 industrial troubles arose in Argo, Illinois...
...that during said strike a boat load of private detective opeiatives was blown up on the Alleghany River and the men killed while on their way to a steel plant...
...that no attention was paid to affiant's warnings and there followed the fearful stain on the fair name of Illinois...
...Soma Recent Outrages Affiant further states that in the year 1918 private detectives were employed in the Chicago Belt Line Railway, where eighteen of the largest lines in the United States discharge their freight...
...that some time prior thereto, due to the conspiracy of secret operatives of the Mooney A Boland Private Detective Agency, trouble had been brewing among the employes, which finally culminated in a strike...
...that they endeavored and were successful in creating trouble among the employes, utterly regardless of the fact that it was at a time when our country was plunged in war, and every exertion was being made to keep the roads running, so that our army in the front would be supplied with necessities of life...
...and operated purely for the benefit of private detective agencies.* Affiant further says thst in the esrly fsll of 1918 a bomb was placed snd exploded in the Chicago Post Office, killing two persons...
...thst, due to the operations of said private detective, that service of said Belt Line was disrupted time end again...
...that during the said industrial troubles, in which a dozen or more mining companies were involved, the Thiel snd Pinkerton agencies obtained employment to keep the mine owners informed of the movement of the miners' unior.s...
...that affiant personally exposed the conspiracy of said Thiel secret operatives in the perpetration of said offenses to the management, of the traction company, with the result that the services of said Thiel Detective I Agency were at once dispensed with snd the strike quickly settled...
...ing charges...
...thst ss a result of said trial it was shown thst the atrocity was perpetrated by the operatives of the Pinkerton Detective Agency, and the men on trial were ordered discharged...
...that during said strike, which was started on or about July 8, 1919, three soldiers returning from the war, while stepping from a street car at the corner of Juliet avenue and 63rd street, were shot dead by a private detective agency spy, and that his criminal associate shot and wounded fifty-eight other persons...
...The Chicago Traction Strike Affiant further ttates thst in Atgust of 1922, whtn t ttnkt trots among tht traction employes ef Chicago where all the available employes of eighty-six private d(teethe agtncies in Chicago were hired tt break tht strike, that the uul agency employes not being luftciently numerous and strong to beadle the situation, requests were madt for- additional private detective operatives from the Bergoff Bros, and the Waddell agencies of New York City...
...saw, Russia, to the sanctuary...
...cago, were armed with guns and revolvers, end that on a certain night in said month of August these stid secret operatives prepared to put some street cars intu service...
...that said crime was engineered and carried out by secret agentt of private detectives, as was slso the mysterious bomb outrage in Wall Street, New York City, September 8, 1920, that killed forty-three persons ind wounded a score df others, that camouflage arreata vm been made, extending from Wat...
...that in the course of their operations they placed dynamite upon tha street car tracks anc in the plant of the traction company, at the same time spreading reports thet the dynsmits hsd been placed there by the Labor union mm...
...that said McParland spent about two years in that organization, becoming president thereof, and instead ef making a straight report of actual conditions to Franklin B. Gowen of the Philadelphia & Reading Coal and Iron Company, used his influence in urging the members of the said "Molly Maguires" to perpetrate atrocities of various kinds, including murder...
...Subscribed and sworn to before me this, the 27th of March, 1JJ5...
...that the companies then appealed to the President for troops and the troops were sent to ssid district over Governor Steuenberg's protest...
...that he quickly located same, and cured the entire difficulty for the duration of tha war by discharging within three hours twenty-four of aaid private detective operatives...
...Affiant further states that Governor Steuenberg, of Idaho, was murdered by a bomb at Caldwell, Idaho, on tht 80th of December, 1901, in the hands of one Harry Orchard, an inner circle man working under the direction of aaid Captain Wilson 8. Swain, manager of the Thiel Detective Agency aforesaid, and that the murder So committed was done at the instigation and direction of said Thiel Detective Agency and the blame therefore sought to be placed upon innocent men, to-wit, William D. Haywood, George A. Pittibone, and Charles H. Meyer, who were arrested and tried for the crime...
...The Homestead Strike Again Affiant further says that about the year 1886 the same Pinkerton agency, through certain representations, obtained employment in connection with what is known as the Homestead Strike, in Homestead, Pennsylvania...
...that, through certain representations of one Allen Pinkerton, who was the owner of a private detective agency in Chicago, employment was obtained with one Franklin B. Gowen, a lawyer who had organized the Philadelphia t Beading Coal and Iron Company, for a man by thj name of James McParlsnd, who was a private detective of the Pinkerton Private Detective Agency of Chicago, to become a member of the said "Molly Maguires" for the purpose of obtaining inside information about them...
...that during the occupancy of said district by the troops a "bull pen" was erected into which men and boys were indiscriminately thrown through the representations of said secret operatives, kept there for days exposed to the severest hardships, snd were subjected to cruel persecution * n d third degree methods...
...that the blame for ssid murders was sought to be pieced on the striking employes of the mills...
...that while the miners were on strike in said district secret operatives of said agencies perpetrated various atrocities, such as blowing up concentrators snd damaging the mines generally, and continually sought to convince the mine owners that members of the Labor unions were responsible for the outrsges...
...the affidavit, tracing the bloody activity of these capitalist-bred thugs since 18?5, follows: Affidavit of Stephen A. Doyle Stephen A Doyle, being duly" sworn, on oath deputes and says I that he is a resident of the City of Chicago, County of Cook and State of Illinois, that he is President of the Bureau of Industrial Service, Inc., with offices at 608 South Dearborn street, Chicago...
...Affiant further states that ssid Hargravihis the man who is directly responsible for the murders committed in said maseacre, and that he is the man who should be put on trial for said crimes...
...that secret operatives of said Thiel Detective Agency were imported into Duluth for the purpose of breaking ssid strike...
...That in the year 1875 there was organized in Pennsylvania a Labor organization known as the "Mollie Maguires...
...that in support of the petition hereto annexted affiant has in his possession indisputable evidence to substantiate the follow...
...that during their stay in Chicago at that time (1886) the Haymarket Riota occurred in which a dozen policemen were murdered by a bomb, for the throwing of which some innocents men were hung, and that immediately thereafter the said McParland left Chicago, followed later by the said Sirlngo, both of whom went to Denver and opened up a branch office of the Pinkerton International Detective Agency...
...Affiant further ssys that the activities of said private detective agencies were later exposed to the mining officials and officers of the Government and that their services were at once dispensed with, snd thst pesce hss prevailed in the district ever since...
...thst said private detective agency then sent their agents into the black belt of Chicago far the purpose of getting workers to take the places of the whites who had been locked out in Argo, and that the action of said private detective agency in recruiting colored help to take places of the whites in Argo was the mesne of creating the hatred and fighting that led to the race riots in Chicago, during which disorders untold lives were lost...
...Affiant further states that he filed with President Wilson on the 19th of January, 1920, an affidavit disclosing the fact that the so-called "red" agitators in the United States are but creatures of the Private Detective Agencies creation, done for the sole purpose of inducing fat contracts of hire to protect property snd put dowrt disorders that they themselves created, as in all other industrial disturbances, in order tlrat they may be employed for the precise purpose of quelling what they created, and that the real "red" has no existence in 99 per cent of the alleged Communist Association, but hss been organized...
...thst affiant was engaged to find out the trouble...
...that thereupon said union officials were at once discharged, and the ssid Hsrry Orchard was tried, pleaded guilty, and sentenced for life in the penitentiary in Boise, idaho, where he now is...
...thst several of them were arrested and tried for the murders...
...that during said trial your affiant exposed the fact to the Governor of Idaho that laid Harry Orchard had committed the murder at the instigation of said detective agency, and had confessed to the same to certain men known to your affiant, and that thereupon said Harry Orchard, when confronted with the charge, confessed to being a paid spy in the employ of said Thiel and Pinkerton Detective Agencies and had committed the murder under their direction...
...My commission expires June 21st, 1925...
...that a month before said massacre affiant notified numerous public officials, as well as newspaper men, that if Edward J. Hargrave, of the Edward J. liargrave Detective Agency, 145 N. Clark street,' Chicago, were not prevented from breeding strife in Williamson County, through his secret operatives, that bloodshed would surely follow...
...that their defense was conducted by one William E. Lewain, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and George Argo, of Lamars, Iowa...
...that said McParland, together with one Captain Wilson S. Swain, manager of the Thiel Detective Agency, were the principal instigators in the commitment of said outrages and in the placing of the blame therof upon innocent men, and'that the said Siringo, heretofore mentioned, was at the same time equally active with said Swain and McParland in bringing about the commission of the crimes stated...
...opposition that confronted them, decided to, and did, withdraw from the seen* without running any of said street/ cars...

Vol. 2 • July 1925 • No. 29


 
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