Forgotten partner

Bishop, Jordan

all, but simply like it concentrated or dispersed depending on tive." They could appeal, of course, to pure democratic prin- whatever most serves business...

...ambasinterests, the lumber, pork, and brewing lobbies in particular...
...But the questions made to so many basic human things, say about the language the culture has given us to me consider the ways we think about us...
...tion when that official was not part of the executive branch, i.e., cannot be dismissed by the president...
...Jordan Bishop is a member of the faculty of the College of Another sensitive area is that of the mass media...
...Does it mean that there is an ingredeal with these things: Do I find my work meaning and satisfaction, and the ways dient which can be separated from everysatisfying...
...Draft beer strong and quite negative reactions...
...It can certainly last longer Canadian debate are fairly clear...
...The Canadian government apparently willing to be taxed to support such things, and there had already promised action in favor of the companies, but it are constant debates over Canadian culture and the Canadian has been slowed under intense pressure from consumer identity...
...And there have been good drive a car that is made in Philadelphia, with an engine block arguments against...
...They could appeal, of course, to pure democratic prinwhatever most serves business interests...
...So do we really want to turn these FREE TRADE has long been a controversial topic in Canapowers lock, stock, and barrel over to the presidency...
...The administration is now free to pursue its social programs under the rubric of eliminating "unfair subnegotiations while Congress can only approve or reject the sidies" would be manna from heaven, although the Mulroney final agreement...
...Yet even with Canada's British connection, Federal Reserve Board, for instance, run concurrently with trade with the United States has been more important than that of the president, so that a new administration could pursue trade with the mother country...
...Economic nationalists and - up to fifty-one weeks - than most U.S...
...For these, a freethe president to employ "fast track" negotiations with Canada trade agreement that eliminated or cut back any Canadian on this matter...
...Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, but directly subsidizes No one really knows...
...American brewers sim- may be more critical because the differences between the ply do not have access to Canadian markets, particularly in culture of English Canada and the mainstream of U.S...
...a Japanese stereo...
...How a governmentally-supported radio and television network, the much of this industry would survive in a regime of free trade...
...Perhaps next year, Pizza Hut could hold the have to be given the right to appoint or dismiss their top buttons and add pepperoni...
...And yet Canada is in fact the United States' What gives us more pause is why conservatives didn't mull biggest trading partner, and as such is taken so much for this one over a bit more, rather than reacting to the federal granted that a recent U.S...
...Up until now presidents could decisively steer the independent agencies' policies through new appointments only when the terms of sitting officials expired, and this U.S.-Canadian trade institutional restraint has proved frustrating to conservative and liberal administrations alike...
...Still, it is hard to believe that all DOUBTS NORTH OF THE BORDER the functions performed by these agencies in regulating a highly interdependent economy are going to be assumed by the invisible hand of the market...
...That signments in 1985-86...
...Critics in and out of government have accused the agencies of serving their own bureaucratic interests or, in many cases, the interests of the industries FORGOTTEN PARTNER they were meant to regulate...
...television stations is not a buying and selling to themselves across the border...
...But in Nova Scotia the poor States dollar as high interest rates attract foreign funds to fill a get it, too...
...Legislation promoting Canadian ownership of the petroleum industry was also greeted with howls of rage in Alberta (which many Eastern Canadians regard as a colony of Texas), and in the more dogmatic echelons of the Conservative party...
...to strictly "rational" principles of government unqualified by Last February, a federal court ruled unconstitutional one the peculiar adjustments of experience, or at least more hesipart of the mechanism set up for automatic budget-cutting by tancy about increasing the powers of the presidency...
...in Canada would abandon its legally established monopoly in JORDAN BISHOP this area...
...Reagan administration eagerly anticipated what Christopher Why then should the question of free trade be raised now...
...To be written off as "unfair competition" in a monopoly on the sale of wine and spirits, and prices are often free-trade agreement...
...Does it mean anything to me...
...The decision is now in the hands of the National Reading Incentive Program" could develop into Supreme Court which may even have overruled it, in part or more than a slick publicity stunt...
...barriers were removed, branch plants in Canada would be Nowadays, anything to do with Canadian culture, with the moved, or that Canadian industries would move south from Canadian identity, is sensitive...
...try looks to defend its own interests...
...Over the years, there have been owes its very existence to the will not to be absorbed by good arguments for having the term of the chairman of the the United States...
...It is easy enough to say that if tariff the arts and artists to an extent unheard of in the United States...
...to constitute what has often been called a fourth branch of government...
...But the thought, as Business Week (March from Brazil and a cylinder head from Mexico, an alternator 3) expressed it, of a new president putting away his tuxedo (or from Germany, and tires from France...
...It is difficult to predict what programming: 34 percent...
...Nevertheless, in the face of Mr...
...interests, all together or a piece at a time...
...well, it does'give us pause...
...The attempt to find meaning in work or personal relationships is understandable, and is certainly preferable to meanINSTRUCTION & ILLUSION inglessness...
...fishing industry, for example, cited literally dozens of Canadian programs, some specific (such as unemployment insurance and Canada's universal health and medical insurance programs...
...They have grown deliver...
...Even in Quebec, For the ruling Tory party and for many in the business where beer and wine can be sold in corner grocery stores, the community, free trade is seen as a question of survival...
...Canada's unemployment insurance program has long appear to be clearly defined...
...Yet even the ruling Conservatives have shown some concern for the takeover of Canadian publishers by American transnationals, as cultural nationalists hasten to point out that there is a definite difference in the kind of books published by Canadian publishers and those published by branches of American publishing firms...
...Quebec's roots are deeper, but most Canadians, and to change Canadian legislation that had limited the period of most Canadian governments, want some kind of control over protection for drug patents, thus opening them to the generic such culturally sensitive areas as television, cinema, the perdrug market, saving millions of dollars for consumers and forming arts, book and magazine publishing...
...The court's argument was that the law re- Funny, how in a pinch Edmund Burke always seems to give quired the comptroller general to perform an executive func- way to Adam Smith - or even to Napoleon Bonaparte...
...But advertising on U.S...
...M. DeMuth, once of the Office of Management and Budget, Perhaps the first reason lies in a resurgence of protectionist called "the process of folding the agencies into the execu- sentiments in the United States...
...At the same time, this could be encouraging for other CanaNevertheless, the debate on both sides of the border does not dians...
...The United States has 1 percent...
...market would have on the USSR 18 percent...
...government apparin the province of Ontario, which with Quebec has the heaviest ently did not accept the argument that Canada's health care and concentration of manufacturing in Canada...
...Most of Canada's Canada...
...we apply a concern about those things to thing else, which can be found in work, 23 May 1986: 295...
...dian politics...
...ciple, or to the constitutional framework of a neatly defined Which rumor, we wonder, should gain in credence from a three branches that excludes a hybrid "fourth branch...
...Canadians are lowering profits for the industry...
...Whatever the case, that obviously regards many established and traditional Canafew Canadians could imagine that any provincial government dian institutions as both "unfair" and "socialistic...
...Business lobbies, unemployment insurance constitute an unfair subsidy, but the the Canadian Association of Manufacturers, the Chamber of fact that these were alleged to constitute subsidies is disquietCommerce, and Western political elites are overwhelmingly in ing to many Canadians...
...But, given that the school lunch promeans the Federal Reserve Board, the Securities and Ex- gram is in jeopardy and illiteracy grows alarmingly among change Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, and a some groups more than others, isn't the real issue: how to dozen others...
...The question is particularly difficult now with a the absolute uniformity of prices be due to the fact that perfect government - and an ideology - in power in Washington competition has resulted in equilibrium...
...But at prices appear to be set by the Quebec liquor monopoly, unless what price...
...effect full integration into the U.S...
...In trade unionists are openly hostile, as are most political leaders imposing countervailing duties, the U.S...
...It was greeted south of the border savage attack on similar programs in the United States, some with varying degrees of outrage, although in practice permis- Canadians are worried...
...Already something between 60 and 70 percent of population lives within a few hundred miles of the CanadaCanadian-U.S...
...Gramm-Rudman...
...For the ambassador, it does not It has been estimated that between 60 and 70 percent of appear that everything includes Canada's social programs...
...For a corporate investment of entirely, before you read this...
...Still, observers on both sides of the border government steadfastly maintains that such programs are not believe unofficial concessions will yet have to be made to U.S...
...through a 10 percent sales tax and their federal income tax Aside from the usual dogmatic assertions of the wisdom of contributions...
...programs...
...Canada not only has account such things as tariffs and taxes in each country...
...sion for American or other transnationals to invest in Canada Trade unionists are worried about jobs, although advocates - that is to buy out Canadian concerns - was seldom denied...
...And teachers in low-income officials at his pleasure...
...On the other hand, the former U.S...
...It is Canadian manufacturing is already under U.S...
...president referred to Japan in that court decision with glee...
...In the mood I What does the use of the language of tions which the nature of my work was in, the answer to all of the above was meaningfulness and satisfaction, applied forced on me, I found myself using a definite "no...
...everything is on the table...
...Concerning the latter, an American living in Halifax, Edgar Z. Friedenberg, once remarked that in Commonweal: 294 of freer trade maintain that free trade will - in the long term - already ranks fairly high in the amount of imported television increase employment in Canada...
...Arguing in favor of the imposition of countervailing duties on Canadian groundfish imports, the U.S...
...ownership...
...televibut to transfer pricing, that is, transnational corporations sion...
...border, and millions of Canadians can watch U.S...
...Every Canadian province maintains a tight corporations...
...double the retail price in the United States...
...One serious difficulty complicates the question considerably...
...In a real sense, Canada has a different economic system, and different social systems...
...Nova Scotia fishermen pay for their health care gap left by unprecedented deficit spending...
...Canada Cape Breton in Nova Scotia...
...The comptroller general, who heads the legislative branch's General Account- ETC...
...Against this background, stateCanadian brewers...
...After intense lobbying by Some Canadians fear that the real thrust for free trade on the President Reagan, for example, the Senate Finance Committee Canadian right is the hope of an integrated labor market and the (liy a vote of ten to ten), failed on April 23 to block authorizing chance to import sunbelt wages to Canada...
...A Canadian today may well a coordinated economic policy...
...ing Office, is appointed by the president but can only be Maybe it won't solve illiteracy, but Pizza Hut's "Book it...
...50 million [presumably a tax writeoff], over 7 million chilWhat made this federal court argument so potentially impor- dren, grades 1-6, received free pizza, buttons, and other incentant, however, is that the same argument could be used to rule tives for reading above and beyond their normal school asunconstitutional all the independent federal agencies...
...open to question...
...This, translated, meant that the United States weapons...
...Either these agencies would have to give up most motivate those children who need both the pizza and the of their current functions and power, or the president would incentive to read...
...Beer is another problem area...
...He eats tomatoes from her ball gown...
...DEALING recently with some frustra- Is it in any way fulfilling...
...There is a real sense in which Canada Well, we don't really know...
...the day after inauguration and promptly firing Mexico and lettuce from California, wears shoes from the heads of the SEC, the FRB, the FCC, the NLRB, the FTC, Rumania, a shirt from Indonesia, and relaxes with music from the FEC, etc., etc...
...American multina- identity that, for example, the nations of the Common Market tionals in the pharmaceutical industry have been pushing hard have...
...sador, Mr...
...Like the United States, Canada Ontario and Quebec...
...school districts should call Pizza Hut on behalf of students who Now these agencies are hardly new: the Interstate Com- complete their reading homework and ask pointedly: "Do you merce Commission was established in 1887...
...Thomas Niles, a government takes a very dim view of any attempts on the part career diplomat who appears to know better than to attack such of the Canadian government to impede the sale of Canada to established programs, has noted, apropos of free trade, that U.S...
...Here, one tax-deductible expense under Canadian law, a "breach of free assumes, prices are set to maximize profits while taking into trade" that has been a sore point for years...
...It should be noted that there is considerably ments to the effect that "everything is on the table" evoke less than "free trade" in beer within Canada itself...
...Ecuador 66 percent...
...does not have the kind of cultural traditions and cultural Some special problems already exist...
...Canada's unemployment insurance program free trade coming out of Economics 101 texts, lines in the may appear generous to Americans...
...But little noted but potentially very important aspect of the con- one would have expected a little more hesitancy about hewing troversy surrounding the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act...
...removed by Congress...
...trade is simply not subject to market pricing, U.S...
...As one might expect, each coun- been under attack from the right and from business interests...
...We often assume, in pracWHAT FREEDOM TOLERATES tice, a relation between finding something full of meaning and finding it satisfying, as if the two were equivalent...
...The present ambassador, Mr...
...culture Ontario where beer is sold exclusively in outlets controlled by are both subtle and in flux...
...This is especially the case in English Canada, and groups...
...Paul Robinson, had repeatedly criticized Canada Earlier, the United States had declared that "everything is on for spending too much on social programs and not enough on the table...
...more likely that he is referring to Canadian efforts to maintain The Liberal government, under the leadership of Pierre Eliott control over such culturally sensitive areas as films, broadcastTrudeau, had introduced a legislated bureaucracy, the Foreign ing, and publishing...
...Are Canada's traditional in barrels cannot legally be transported across provincial and established ways of approaching these questions to be boundaries, and bottled beer is, in most provinces, a state sacrificed to the voracious appetites of American multinational monopoly...
...This in turn reflects concern 23 May 1986: 293 over a temporary trade advantage on the part of Canada due to Nova Scotia the poor are taxed to provide health care for the the strength - some would say over-valuing - of the United rich, just as in the United States...
...Reagan's Investment Review Agency...
...work, friendship, marriage, and our relaOf several minds: John Garvey tionship to God, or our lack of one...
...Present and former members of the capacity...
...favor of free trade with the United States...

Vol. 113 • May 1986 • No. 10


 
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